Here are tips on how to sew a three-layer fabric face mask. Research has shown that this combination of materials and layers provides a higher level of breathability and filter efficiency than single layer cotton masks.
Please see video how to sew a face mask
Find out more about how to wear a mask from WHO: https://www.who.int/emergencies/disea…
1. How should I use and wear a medical mask?
Medical masks should only be used by:
- Health workers
- People caring for suspect or confirmed cases of COVID-19 outside of health facilities
- Anyone with symptoms suggestive of COVID-19, including mildly ill people
- People aged 60 or over
- People with underlying health conditions
How to put on and take off a medical mask:
- Before touching the mask, clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water
- Inspect the mask for tears or holes; do not use a mask that has previously been worn or is damaged.
- Verify which side is the top – this is usually where the metal strip is
- Then, identify the inside of the mask, which is usually the white side.
- Place the mask on your face covering your nose, mouth and chin, making sure that there are no gaps between your face and the mask.
- Pinch the metal strip so it moulds to the shape of your nose.
- Remember, do not touch the front of the mask while using it to avoid contamination; if you accidentally touch it, clean your hands.
2. How should I wear and care for a fabric mask?
Using a fabric mask:
- Clean your hands before putting on the mask.
- Inspect the mask for tears or holes, do not use a mask that is damaged.
- Adjust the mask to cover your mouth, nose, and chin, leaving no gaps on the sides.
- Avoid touching the mask while wearing it.
- Change your mask if it gets dirty or wet.
- Clean your hands before taking off the mask.
- Take off the mask by removing it from the ear loops, without touching the front of the mask.
- Clean your hands after removing the mask.
Caring for a fabric mask:
- If your fabric mask is not dirty or wet and you plan to reuse it, put it in a clean plastic, resealable bag. If you need to use it again, hold the mask at the elastic loops when removing it from the bag.
- Wash fabric masks in soap or detergent and preferably hot water (at least 60 degrees) at least once a day.
- If hot water is not available, wash the mask in soap/detergent and room-temperature water, followed by either boiling the mask for 1 minute OR; by soaking the mask in 0.1% chlorine for 1 minute and thoroughly rinsing the mask with room temperature water (there should not be any toxic residue of chlorine on the mask).
- Make sure you have your own mask and do not share it with others.
3. What are the key measures all people should do to protect themselves and others in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic?
It is an important reminder that in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, everyone, regardless of the use of masks, should:
- avoid groups of people and crowded spaces;
- maintain physical distance of at least 1 meter from other people, especially from those who are sick;
- clean your hands frequently, using an alcohol-based hand rub if hands are not visibly dirty, or soap and water;
- cover your nose and mouth with a bent elbow or paper tissue when coughing or sneezing, dispose of the tissue and clean your hands immediately after use;
- refrain from touching your mouth, nose, and eyes.
Above all, stay informed of the progress of the disease, pay attention to local authorities and their recommendations, and follow and encourage best practices.